The Ludwig Museum in Budapest offers another interesting example with the aim of promoting contemporary artistic movements from Eastern Europe. From September 14th until January 15, of 2012 you can visit the exhibition dedicated to Photorealism movement “East of Eden: Versions of Reality”.
Photorealism, which in Eastern Europe has acquired certain peculiarities, was an art movement born in the United States between the late ´60s and early ´70s. It was a type of painting that used photography as a starting point for creating highly realistic paintings, which creates a disorientation in the viewer when trying to understand the techniques used by the artist.
This movement evolved from Pop Art, Abstract Expressionism and Minimalism,and was heavily criticized at the time of its maximum expansion for the use of photography, but visual artists have used various instruments to support their work since the fifteenth century. Today, these criticisms would be unacceptable, as many contemporary artists do not produce their works, but they are commissioned, or also in other cases, create projects that involve a group of experts that add complexity and expertise to parts of the art pieceÂ (whether they are scientific, professionals or ordinary people).
But the point is that the emergence of the photographic technique was a turning point for painting and was a very interesting development of this language: the inevitable impression of reality in film, photography was established as a representation tool of reality par excellence. The light was printed exactly as pictured in the environment, recreating it in a extremely faithful way. Paintings then, are free of obligations, for itÂ is endemic and could move farther and farther toward abstraction.
In Eastern Europe, the Photorealism art movement has been as strong as in the U.S. in the ´60s and ´70s, although the realistic representation was completely different because of the traditions and the specific conditions of these countries, in addition to trying to satisfy political demands.
One of the most interesting artists presented in this important group show certainly is GĂŠrard Gasiorowski, an artist born in 1930 in Paris and who died in 1986. His greatest success was his first hyper-realistic paintings (in the exhibit the famous “L´Approche” from 1965 can be seen), but the next phase of his artistic development, which is released as a “suicide pictorial” where he isÂ trying to wipe offÂ the paint by heavily criticizingÂ Western traditio and the art market (“Albertine”, series from 1971).
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If you wish to visit “East of Eden: Versions of Reality” I recommend that you rent apartments in Budapest and enjoy a stay in this interesting city and visit its multiple cultural offerings.
Translated by: Marc